01 Reduce carbon emissions
The Lufthansa Group has increased the fuel efficiency of its passenger fleet by 12.18 percent since 2006. By 2020, we aim to reduce our specific CO2 emissions by 25 per cent compared to 2006 levels. In addition, the Lufthansa Group supports the ambitious goals of the air travel industry as set for in an international statement of commitment in 2008:
• An increase of 1.5% per year in energy efficiency until 2020
• CO2-neutral growth from 2020
• A 50% reduction in net CO2 emissions by 2050 as compared to 2005
Our basis for further increases in efficiency is the industry’s accepted four-pillar strategy for climate protection. This agenda covers the entire spectrum of feasible measures.
02 Cut nitrous oxide emissions
Since 1991, emissions of nitrogen oxides per tonne kilometer transported within the Lufthansa Group have already been cut by 26 percent. The Lufthansa Group supports the goal of the Advisory Council for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe (ACARE), which envisages a reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions of 80 percent by the year 2020. This value has been calculated based on an aircraft with the most up-to-date technology this year, relative to the baseline year 2000.
03 Modernise the fleet
Green technologies will only be implemented if airlines continually modernize their fleets. At the end of 2016, a total of 205 aircraft – 143 short-haul and 62 long-haul aircraft – with a value of 35 billion euros at list prices were on the Group’s order sheet; these are to be delivered step by-step by 2025.
04 Promote alternative fuels
Sustainable, alternative fuels with a better CO2 footprint are a key component in avoiding emissions in the future. The raw materials used may not be produced in a way which creates direct competition with the production of foodstuffs. Other conditions include a proven environmental benefit and adequate availability at an acceptable price.
As part of the burnFAIR project, a Lufthansa Airbus A321 was used to operate scheduled flights on the Hamburg-Frankfurt route. One of the aircraft’s engines was powered by a 50-50 blend of regular fuel and biosynthetic kerosene. The aim of this long-term trial was to gain experience in the use of and collect long-term data. With its continued involvement in projects focusing on alternative fuels, the Lufthansa Group is further consolidating its role as a trailblazer in this area.
The Lufthansa Group is also a member of the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Users Group (SAFUG) and of the Aviation Initiative for Renewable Energy in Germany e.V. (aireg).
05 Increase operational efficiency
Airline operations provide numerous opportunities to optimize efficiency. This includes optimum flight routings and flight speeds, efficient aircraft capacities, programs for long-term weight reductions on board and optimum aircraft loading procedures. The Lufthansa Group is steadily continuing its efforts in this field.
06 Improve infrastructure
Inefficient or insufficient infrastructure in the air and on the ground leads to unnecessary fuel consumption. It is therefore evident that airports must be expanded to keep up with demand and airspace must be used in an optimal manner. Here, policy makers in particular are called on to create the appropriate regulatory environment and introduce necessary measures in a timely manner.
07 Implementation of the global market-based climate protection instrument
Implementation of the global market-based climate protection instrument for international air transport
The Lufthansa Group has for some years now been involved in international committees working towards a market-based and competition-neutral system for climate protection fees which would be valid worldwide. Only a globally enforced system can be effective in climate protection and can minimize competition distortion. At the 39th General Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in October 2016, it was decided that an appropriate system would be introduced for the compensation of CO2 emissions through project-based mechanisms. This system should make it possible for the international air transport sector to achieve CO2 neutral growth by the year 2020.
08 Continue offsetting carbon emissions
Lufthansa, SWISS and Austrian Airlines offer their customers the option to compensate the CO2-emissions unavoidably generated by their flights with a voluntary donation. These funds directly benefit climate protection projects.
09 Develop further incentive systems
Green incentive systems, which are designed to be cost-neutral, are the right approach to ensuring sustainable mobility. Take, for example, emissions-dependent airport charges. Under this system, innovative airlines with fuel-efficient aircraft pay less, while high fuel-consuming planes pay more. The airports in Frankfurt, Munich, Dusseldorf, Cologne, Hamburg and Hannover have already introduced such fees in relation to emissions of nitrogen oxides.
10 Reduce aircraft noise
Residents living near airports must be protected from unacceptable levels of noise. Here, too, investments in new and quieter aircraft must be the method of choice in order to achieve tangible improvements. Through continual fleet modernization and active participation in research and development, the Lufthansa Group wants to help achieve the ACARE research goal. Under the ACARE program, technologies that can reduce noise emissions by 50 per cent relative to the year 2000 are to be developed by 2020.
11 Improve aircraft
Even the noise caused by aircraft available today can be reduced. To accomplish this, it is necessary to conduct extensive research into noise sources. The Lufthansa Group, along with its partners, analyses noise-generating mechanisms and on this basis develops practicable solutions.
As part of its ongoing commitment to significantly reduce aircraft noise, the Lufthansa Group invests in state-of-the-art technology for its new aircraft and their engines and at the same time continues to optimize its existing fleet.
12 Optimise flight procedures
The Lufthansa Group is advancing the development of low-noise flight procedures. As new flight procedures must take security aspects, capacity and efficiency into account, all the system partners – airports, air traffic control services and airlines – must pull together.
13 Develop comprehensive traffic concepts
Efficient transport demands that modes of transport be linked in an optimal manner. Lufthansa supports the measures required to achieve this end wherever it makes ecological and economical sense. In October 2015, the Company bundled its comprehensive services for intermodal travel under the unified brand name Lufthansa Express. The spectrum of travel options before and after a flight ranges from ICE high-speed trains to modern longdistance busses and car-sharing.
14 Build green
Conservation of natural resources also remains central to the Lufthansa Group’s planning, renovation and construction of new corporate buildings. The Lufthansa Aviation Center is exemplary in this regard. Thanks to its thermo-active ceilings, heat-sensitive automated window-shading systems and thermally insulated facade, the administrative building at Frankfurt Airport only consumes about one third of the energy used in conventional office complexes.
Other examples of green architecture are the new A-Plus Concourse at Frankfurt Airport as the satellite building at Munich Airport, which opened in April 2016 to increase the capacity of Terminal 2.
15 Expand environmental management
The Lufthansa Group manages its own environmental protection efforts. Its Environmental Issues department coordinates all Group-wide goals, strategies, and measures. In addition, its 30 environmental experts across the Group regularly exchange ideas within the in-house environmental forum. Over the coming years, environmental management will be expanded.
The Lufthansa Group is a global aviation group with a total of more than 550 subsidiaries and equity investments. In the financial year 2016, they were structured into the Passenger Airline Group, Logistics, MRO, Catering and Other segments.
Key data on sustainability
Corporate responsibility, that is to say sustainable and responsible entrepreneurial practice, is an integral part of our corporate strategy. It means that we are committed to creating added value for our customers, employees and investors and to meeting our responsibilities toward the environment and society.
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