On August 23, 1988, Nicola Lisy (née Lunemann) and Evi Hetzmannseder (née Lausmann) became Lufthansa’s first female co-pilots.

They completed their pilot training at the commercial pilot school in Bremen in the 154th junior aviator training course together with 14 male cockpit contenders. The training program was supplemented with flight hours over the desert near Phoenix, Arizona. After two years of preparation, Lisy and Hetzmannseder successfully completed their flight training on a Boeing 737 in the second week of August 1988, in the Canadian city of Montreal. Supervised by check pilots (trainers), both female pilots initially flew as second officers on the European routes of the airline for a few months before taking the first of-ficer’s seat in the cockpit of a Boeing 737-200. Approximately ten years later, Nicola Lisy wrote aviation history again when she gained entrance into the last male domain of the airline and became Lufthansa’s first female captain on January 31, 2000. Her “co-pioneer” Hermannseder joined her soon after, advancing to the rank of captain in February 2000. At the time, Lufthansa had had this new word approved by the Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache especially for Lisy, Hetzmannseder and all their successors at the captain's seat.

Nicola Lisy (née Lunemann) und Evi Hetzmannseder (née Lausmann)

Two women in a circle of 14 men at the flight school in Bremen

Great joy at the new workplace in the cockpit

Central goal: increase the proportion of women in Lufthansa cockpits

Women in the cockpit haven’t been a sensation for a while now. However, it cannot be denied that women are still a special occurrence in the supposedly traditionally male aviation professions. More than 10,000 pilots, both female and male, work in the cockpits of the Lufthansa Group airlines, with over 4,000 of them flying for Lufthansa. About six percent of the Lufthansa Group cockpit personnel are female. For the Lufthansa core brand, that number is currently at seven percent. Lufthansa Group is expanding its ambitious goal of increasing the proportion of women in management positions on the ground to the air: Having more women in the cockpit is one of the company’s central HR goals.

The prospects are good: 15 percent of all prospective pilots in the current training courses of the European Flight Academy, which trains pilots for all Lufthansa Group airlines, are female. And Lufthansa Aviation Training is actively looking for additional female applicants. For instance with the help of a focused ad campaign for women that will kick off in the near future.

When the first women were accepted into pilot training, they were entering a traditionally male domain. Today, this is no longer an issue. “It is perfectly natural that women take part in our training courses and their performance is in no way inferior to that of their male colleagues. Everyone who has succumbed to the fascination of flying strives towards their professional goal of becoming a pilot with great determination – another aspect in which we have not observed any difference between the sexes,” says Stefan-Kenan Scheib, Process Owner Pilot Schools Lufthansa Group and A320 captain at Lufthansa.

A350-Captain und Checker Cordula Pflaum

Flight student Magdalena Gruhn

A380-Captain Elke Hieber

Two captains and a student pilot explain why they fly for the Lufthansa Group or will soon fly:

“Being a pilot is the perfect job”

Magdalena Gruhn (29) is one of four female student pilots in the current year of the European Flight Academy, which trains pilots, both female and male, for all Lufthansa Group airlines. Working in her previous position as a flight attendant, Gruhn saw a female pilot in the cockpit and thought: “Women can do that, too. I want to make it up there!” The biggest challenges during a flight are coordinating, controlling and anticipating multiple things at once. However: “There is no reason why women shouldn’t be able to do this.”

This conviction is shared by Elke Hieber (53), who began her training course at Lufthansa in 1988 as the only woman in a group of 17 trainee pilots. She is now one of two female captains in the crane’s A380 fleet. “Being a pilot is the perfect job, with exciting tasks and great flexibility that allows you to reconcile your family with your profession,” says Hieber, who, as a mother of two, took two periods of 18 months off and flew in various part-time models. She says that it takes a while sometimes for society to accept that your profession is not dependent on your gender: “Many women simply don’t think to apply for this job.”

Checker Cordula Pflaum already knew at the age of eleven that "I want to become a pilot". In 1990, the 48-year-old began her training at Lufthansa. Pflaum has been flying on the A330 and A340 for ten years, and with the introduction of the new aircraft on the A350 as well. The mother of two daughters has consciously chosen the male domain of aviation: the clear, unambiguous language, the fixed rules and checklists. "I would advise not only women but also men to take up this profession," she says with conviction.

Marga von Etzdorf in July 1932 in Berlin

The first female pilots in aviation history

On a side note, women have a long tradition in the history of flying. On March 8, 1910, Raymonde de Laroche was the first woman in the world to receive her pilot license from the Aéro-Club de France. In the 1930s, Marga von Etzdorf operated a Junkers A50 named “Kiek in die Welt”, having already flown Junkers F13 commercial airliners for the former Luft Hansa as a co-pilot in 1927. After this, however, another 60 years would pass before a woman sat in a Lufthansa cockpit again.