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Balance 2015 ENG

allow the experts at the Fuel Efficiency department to analyze the current levels of fuel consumption even more precisely and to derive further optimization options for processes and flight routes. The new tool will allow the subsequent comparison of planned, actual and optimum values for different flight phases, so that data from actual flight operations can be used to improve the efficiency of future flights. E-enabling program The Lufthansa Group uses the e-enabling program to coordinate different digitaliza- tion projects, including the EFB 2.2 proj- ect, the rollout of the third generation of the Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). With EFB 2.2 in 2014, the aviation company created the necessary infrastructure aboard the aircraft in its fleet to allow the digitalization of all processes and the introduction of the entirely paperless cockpit later on. Another new software being deployed is electronic Flight Folder (eFF), which digita- lizes and archives all briefing processes and strategic flight processes. Moreover, the Flight Path Optimizer allows long-haul crews calculations to optimize a flight’s trajectory. Tests conducted to date have proven a conservation potential of more than 250 liters of kerosene per long-haul flight. Pillar 4: Economic measures Among the economic incentive systems and measures that the Lufthansa Group advocates is a globally valid, market-based and competition-neutral system for climate protection charges. In October 2013 the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a United Nations agency, devel- oped a globally valid system for climate charges by 2016, which is to become effective by 2020. This makes the aviation industry a front-runner with regard to a globally valid climate protection agreement. By contrast, there is the EU emissions trading system for civil aviation, which creates a significant competitive disadvan- tage for European network airlines (see page 59, Balance 2014). Further examples from the Group companies The overview on the following pages pres- ents a selection from the multifaceted activities implemented by the Group com- panies to reduce fuel consumption even further. Lufthansa An optimized approach management at London’s Heathrow Airport has ensured since 2014 that Lufthansa aircraft can avoid holding patterns during times of dense traffic. This type of cooperation with neigh- boring air traffic control centers – and thus across air space boundaries – reduces kerosene consumption and is an initial step in the direction of cross-border arrivals management. In September 2014, Lufthansa introduced the altered takeoff procedure “1,000-foot acceleration” in Germany. The airline expects to conserve more than 3,000 tonnes of kerosene per year, which would reduce CO2 emissions by about 10,000 tonnes. Likewise, Lufthansa optimized the vertical approach profile at Munich Airport. Contin- uous Descent Operations (CDO) make approaches more economical, which helps the airline conserve about 600 tonnes of kerosene per year. That the Continuous Descent Approach indeed reduces kero- sene consumption was confirmed by the results obtained by the Task Group Opti- mized Flying, which were published at the end of 2014. This management committee joins the Federal Association of German Airlines (BDF) and DFS Deutsche Flug- sicherung (German air traffic control) to develop solutions that help reduce costs, fuel burn and CO2 emissions. Airlines and DFS are planning to continue the success- Prototypical display on the Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) 46 // Climate and Environmental Responsibility