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Lufthansa Group Balance 2014 EN

capital goods purchased from third parties (such as aircraft), products and services, and the commuting activities of employees. Added to this are emissions from the pro- duction and transport of fuels and energy. We calculate the direct emissions that are covered by the European Emissions ­Trading System (EU-ETS) according to its requirements. The CO2 footprint results make it easier to assess the company’s own contribution to climate change, however. Hence the CO2 footprint can provide ideas for internal improvement processes. Ú A new Fuel Efficiency department On May 1, 2013 the ­Lufthansa Group estab- lished the new Fuel Efficiency department under the management of Senior First Officer Jens Ritter. Its job is to coordinate the various measures we take to reduce the ­Lufthansa Group’s fuel consumption. The team also assumes responsibility for auditing the fuel efficiency units. It directs all of the activities undertaken to improve the fuel efficiency of the airlines in the ­Lufthansa Group and of ­Lufthansa Technik. In addition, the department airlines of the ­Lufthansa Group is illustrated in the pie charts [Ú 02]. In the case of freight transport, we were likewise able to reduce specific consumption and associated CO2 emissions in the logistics segment. Fuel con- sumption fell from 0.29 l per freight tonne kilometer in 2012 to 0.28 l in 2013. We were able to achieve this by consistently adhering to environmentally friendly measures and making optimum use of payload space. Ú Calculating the CO2 balance The ­Lufthansa Group measures its CO2 emis- sions according to the categories of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol). This calls for dividing emissions into three main categories (called scopes): Scope 1: Direct emissions from combustion of fuels in one’s own facilities and transport means Scope 2: Indirect emissions from the con- sumption of purchased energy (electricity, heat, cooling) Scope 3: Indirect emissions, for example from the transport-related activities of our subcontractors and suppliers. This category includes other indirect emissions result- ing, for example, from the manufacture of Ú Less fuel consumption and fewer CO2 emissions again in 2013 Despite an increase in transport performance of 2.3%, we reduced absolute fuel consump- tion for the second year in a row, with 1.3% less fuel consumed in 2013 than in 2012. In absolute terms, the Group consumed 114,152 fewer tonnes of fuel as compared to the previous year, thereby reducing the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the envi- ronment by more than 350,000 tonnes. This equates to approximately the quantity of CO2 emitted annually by roughly 50,000 single- family homes with oil-fired heating. This is a clear sign that our measures to increase efficiency are working and the overall impact of the ­Lufthansa Group’s flight operations on the environment is diminishing. We have successfully continued our decoupling of transport performance from fuel consumption. The ­Lufthansa Group’s transport performance grew by 339% from 1991, while kerosene consumption increased by only 180% [Ú 03]. Ú New efficiency record: Airlines in the ­Lufthansa Group make it below the four-liter mark For the first time, the ­Lufthansa Group made it below the four-liter mark with 3.91 liters of kerosene consumed per passenger per 100 kilometers (l/100 pkm), a 3.8% improve- ment over the previous year. This means that the industry target of 1.5% per year until 2020 for increased efficiency was surpassed by more than double and exceeded by a more substantial amount than even a year earlier. The specific consumption of the individual Less CO2 #greenefficiency 3.9L* Lower Fuel Consumption Higher Efficiency Better Aero- dynamics More Lightweight Design *Fuel consumption in liters per 100 passenger kilometers. Average value for the airlines of the Lufthansa Group in 2013. Our most significant successes  50 // Climate and Environmental Responsibility

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