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rst positive effects from optimized routings and ying times have been observed in the daily operations of airports, air traf c con- trol organizations and airlines. Currently, the experts of the Lufthansa Group are participating in numerous demonstration projects. In the framework of the project Free Solutions, whose goal is the introduction of more direct ight routings under scheduled ight conditions, 68 ights were able to travel on such routings in Europe. About 5 tonnes of fuel and 126 minutes of ying time were saved on these ights. The routes from Frankfurt to Nice, M laga, Algiers, Barcelona and Valencia as well as the route from Munich to Paris could thus be shortened permanently. The quantity of kerosene saved in this way each year corresponds to the fuel burn of about 200 ights between Frankfurt and Zurich. Furthermore, the intelligent interlinking of different modes of transport can make a contribution to reducing traf c volumes and thus also to lightening environmental bur- dens. For many years, the Lufthansa Group has realized intermodal transport concepts together with partner companies, which interconnect air, rail and road traf c sys- tematically. In October 2015, the Company bundled its comprehensive services for intermodal travel under the uni ed brand name Lufthansa Express. The spectrum of travel options before and after a ight ranges from ICE high-speed trains to modern long- distance busses and car-sharing. In the project Augmented Approaches to Land (AAL), approaches are currently own in Frankfurt and Bremen with the three Airbus A319s speci cally retro tted for this purpose as well as the Airbus A380 and the Boeing 747 eets. Fraport, DFS and Lufthansa jointly analyze the data from these test ights to see if the distribution of noise emissions might be better controlled when aircraft adhere with greater precision to the ight path by means of new ight procedures. Nevertheless, the conditions for ef cient air traf c management must be provided not only in the air but also on the ground. Above all, the adaptation of total airport infrastructures to actual demand plays a leading role in this context. With the inauguration of the new satellite terminal at Munich Airport, the capacity of Terminal 2, used by Lufthansa and the other Star Alliance airlines, increased by another 11 million to a total of 36 million passengers per year. Sustainability Report Balance // Issue 2016 // Lufthansa Group // 49

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